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Problem-Solving 101: The Art of Defining What's Actually Broken

A magnifying glass hovering over a tangled web of interconnected gears and wires, each labeled with a different business challenge (declining sales, high turnover, etc.). A bright light shines from the magnifying glass onto one specific gear, revealing the root cause of the problem (e.g., a cracked tooth on the gear labeled "inefficient processes"). In the background, a diverse team of professionals collaborates around a table, analyzing data and brainstorming solutions. The overall tone should be optimistic and problem-solving oriented.

The always-shifting corporate environment is unavoidably going to bring challenges. Every 10 years, companies experience five significant disruptions on average, from technology changes to economic downturns, according to McKinsey research. Many times, these interruptions show themselves as a variety of problems that need our quick response. These may include falling sales, excessive staff turnover (which can cost a business an average of 33% of an employee's yearly compensation), or a production bottleneck (which is thought to result in a 5-20% loss in productivity).


However as Harvard Business Review research shows, ineffective problem-solving is the root cause of up to 85% of corporate failures. Accurately recognizing the problem at hand is a critical component of successful problem-solving. Consider it as a physician evaluating a patient. The Checklist Manifesto by Dr. Atul Gawande makes clear that one of the main reasons medical mistakes occur is misdiagnosis. For the treatment to be successful and safe, the condition must be accurately identified. Corporate issues are included in this idea as well. Getting the incorrect diagnosis might not only be a complete waste of money but also irritate you and perhaps make the issue worse.


Imagine for a minute a business that has a high staff turnover rate. It is possible to make the snap judgment that wages are insufficient and hence increase compensation for everyone. According to Gallup data, though, just 12% of workers quit because of compensation; most of them blame things like inadequate management or a lack of growth chances. This suggested remedy won't deal with the main problem and may even make financial difficulties worse if the underlying reason is a lack of chances for development or inefficient management techniques. Organisations must without a doubt carry out thorough research and analysis before putting solutions into practice. In this manner, they may be certain that the fundamental reason for the problem is being addressed. By taking a calculated and planned approach, businesses may avoid needless costs and create conditions for long-term, sustainable success.


Here, we'll look at a three-step procedure for addressing problems successfully, stressing the value of precise problem identification. We'll use an actual restaurant experiencing a drop in patron satisfaction to demonstrate each stage. By the conclusion, you'll have a well-defined structure for taking on your company problems and promoting achievement.



First, Clearly Describe the Problem


Clearly and succinctly stating the problem is the first step toward fixing it. Take a proprietor of a restaurant who is seeing a drop in patronage. "Customers aren't happy" is a nonspecific issue statement that is unworkable. A more accurate description may be: "Customers are complaining about slow service during peak hours, leading to negative online reviews and a decrease in repeat business."



The main problem—slow service—is identified, along with the background—peak hours—and the results—bad reviews and little return business. It gives later attempts at problem-solving a specific objective.


Asking yourself the following questions can help you to explain the issue clearly:


  • What fundamental obstacle exists? Slow service, for instance

  • Do any contributing or underlying reasons? (e.g., ineffective kitchen procedures, underemployment)

  • How does the issue affect the different parties involved? (For instance, irritated staff, lost sales, unfavorable brand image)


The foundation for focused and efficient solutions is laid by a carefully stated problem.


Gather pertinent information in Step 2.


It is time to collect data to comprehend the underlying reasons for the issue and possible remedies after it has been well described.


As an illustration, consider our restaurant:


  • Find industrial standards: To gauge the restaurant's performance, compare peak hour service times to industry norms.

  • Get statistics: To find order fulfillment bottlenecks, examine point-of-sale data. To find trends, track client wait times on several days and at various hours.

  • Ask questions: Customers might be surveyed or put in focus groups to get their opinions. To find out how the servers and kitchen workers see the problems they encounter, have conversations with them.

These techniques enable the restaurant owner to collect both qualitative and quantitative information that will help to clarify the fundamental reasons for delayed service.


Think about the following questions to direct your information collecting:


  • What comparable issues has your sector seen others encounter? Are there relevant case studies or research papers?

  • Which data points have a bearing on the issue? How is the impact of the issue to be quantified? Exist any already available data sources you might use?

  • Which important parties is the issue affecting? From whence do they see things? Do you have any specialists you might get advice from?

This stage is to help you build well-informed remedies that deal with the underlying cause by gaining a thorough knowledge of the issue and its contributing elements.



Step 3: To Locate Solutions, Analyze the Information


With so much information collected on the issue of delayed service, the restaurant owner may now examine the material to identify the underlying reasons and possible remedies.


Here the examination might show:


  • Data patterns show that peak hours for customer wait times correspond with large online order volumes.

  • Employee feedback: Because of ineffective procedures and understaffing, kitchen employees feel overburdened during these busy hours.

  • Customer comments: Customers indicate a breakdown in communication between the front of house and kitchen personnel by expressing dissatisfaction with both wait times and order mistakes.


From this examination, some possible fixes become clear:


  • At busy times, staff up more: bring in more cooks or cross-train waiters to help with meal prep.

  • Simplify kitchen procedures. Upgrade equipment or reorganize workstations to increase productivity.

  • To guarantee correct and on-time order fulfillment, upgrade front-of-house and kitchen staff communication by implementing a new order management system or offering more training.

With an eye toward cost, viability, and possible effects on client pleasure, the restaurant owner may now assess each possible option. Through in-depth information analysis, the owner may come to wise conclusions and create a detailed action plan to deal with the underlying reasons for delayed service.


These important questions will direct your study beyond the restaurant example:


  • From the data any patterns or trends show up?

  • What most plausible reasons are there for the issue?

  • What are the possible fixes, together with their advantages and disadvantages?

  • Which option or solutions are the most practical and probably going to make the biggest difference?


The best answers may be found and a well-informed plan of action to deal with the underlying reasons of your issue can be developed by carefully examining the data.


In summary, the secret of efficient problem-solving


Any business person has to be able to solve problems. It is the machinery that propels productivity, creativity, and finally success. Still, the effectiveness of our remedies depends on precisely pinpointing the underlying reason for the issue.



In our restaurant case, a hurried decision may have resulted in an expensive and ineffectual fix like a pay raise for everyone. However, the owner found the real offenders—peak-hour understaffing, ineffective procedures, and communication breakdowns—by methodically describing the issue, collecting data, and evaluating the facts. Equipped with this knowledge, they can today put into practice focused solutions that will raise operational effectiveness and customer pleasure.


This systematic approach to problem-solving works for whatever issue a company encounters. You raise your chances of coming up with a workable and long-lasting answer by giving the issue your whole attention.


Recall that success seldom follows a straight route. The most direct path to a good resolution is frequently to slow down and spend time describing the issue before leaping to solutions, even though this may seem contradictory.


Get further guidance from Momentum Coaches on improving your problem-solving abilities and creating a tactical plan for taking on obstacles. Their experience assisting people and organizations in recognizing and resolving challenges may be quite beneficial to your career development.


Momentum coaches may enable you to see your blind spots, define your goals, and create a clear road map for success, just as a good coach can assist an athlete in attaining their greatest potential. Putting money into your ability to solve problems is putting money into your future.



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